Asthma affects 18.7 million adults and 6.8 million children in the United States. Asthma attacks are associated with coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, and trouble breathing. In addition to taking your medication as prescribed by your physician, the following are tips for how to avoid asthma attacks:
- Avoid Exposure to Allergens
If you are aware of what triggers your asthma attacks, avoid it. Some known asthma triggers include tobacco smoke, dust mites, outdoor air pollution, as well as pets and mold.
- Use HEPA Filters
If your asthma triggers cannot easily be avoided, consider using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, which can trap pollutants associated with asthma and may bring some relief.
- Keep It Clean
Vacuum or sweep your carpets, drapes, and upholstery once a week. Clean your bed, including your bedding, using hot water once a week. Clean damp areas in your bathroom, kitchen, and other areas around the house to keep mold spores from developing. Reduce pet dander.
- Be Healthy
In addition to exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet, it is also important to maintain a healthy body weight and control heart and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
- Cover Your Nose and Mouth
If your asthma is worsened by cold or dry air, wearing a face mask may help.
- Mayo Clinic Staff. Lifestyle and home remedies. The Mayo Clinic. www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asthma/basics/lifestyle-home-remedies/con-20026992. Published February 13, 2014. Accessed March 24, 2015.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Common Asthma Triggers. www.cdc.gov/asthma/triggers.html. Updated August 20, 2012. Accessed March 24, 2015.
- WebMD. Allergies Health Center: HEPA filters for allergies. www.webmd.com/allergies/hepa-filters-for-allergies. Accessed March 24, 2015.